A TURNING POINT
Victoire, an 18-year-old French student, was shopping with her mother when something unexpected happened that changed her life. A model agency agent approach them and, suddenly, all of her plans for her studies became irrelevant. A few days later, she signed a contract with an elite model agency.
A NEW WORLD
Everything in her life suddenly changed, and Victoire tried to get used to her new world. Soon she realized that she must be thin in this world. Even if no one told her that.
10 KILOS LIGHTER
Victoire was completely surrendered to her work and managed to lose 10 kg within 2 months to fit into the new clothes. Her diet consisted of 3 apples a day and a piece of chicken a week.
Her hard work soon was very fruitful and she reached a body weight of 47kg with a size of 1.78m. Soon she was booked in many cities for haute couture shows.
Her crazily strict diet has made her highly anorexic. She began to lose her hair and got no more period. Sometimes she was dizzy at fashion shows and had to cancel several fittings due to her bad health..
The most frustrating about this game, however, was that many of their images have been manipulated to make her look even thinner. She would never be as thin in real life as she was requested by their bosses and the media
Victoire became depressed with time and even tried to take his own life. Many young girls dream of a career as a model and would try, as Victoire, to do anything to fit in that crazy world.
THE END OF THE CAREER
Having had enough of that hell, Victoire finished her career. At 23 she has published the book "Never Skinny Enough Diary of a Top Model", which reflects the harsh reality of the model world.
Victoire's story gained so much attention that some new laws were passed, forbidding thin models from working. Victoire give advice to young models: "never be too thin". She herself now has a healthy weight according to her body size.
Many models accept the rules of this business and strive for weight loss. Only a few dare, like Victoire, to tell the truth. Next, we will show you a few important things you must know about Anorexia.
We wanted to give you a few guidelines about anorexia: Often simply called anorexia, is an eating disorder characterized by an abnormally low body weight, intense fear of gaining weight and a distorted perception of body weight.
People with anorexia are not that easy to recognize, They usually place a high value on controlling their weight and shape, using extreme efforts that tend to significantly interfere with activities in their lives.
To prevent weight gain or to continue losing weight, people with anorexia usually severely restrict the amount of food they eat. They may control calorie intake by vomiting after eating or by misusing laxatives, diet aids, diuretics or enemas. They may also try to lose weight by exercising excessively.
FEAR OF GAINING WEIGHT
Some people with anorexia start skipping meals, get on hash diets, binge and purge. No matter how weight loss is achieved, the person with anorexia has an intense fear of gaining weight.
Anorexia isn't really about food or trying to get to an ideal body weight. It's an unhealthy way to try to cope with emotional problems. When you have anorexia, you often equate thinness with self-worth.
THERE IS HOPE
Anorexia can be very difficult to overcome. But with treatment, you can gain a better sense of who you are, return to healthier eating habits and reverse some of anorexia's serious complications.
The physical signs and symptoms of anorexia nervosa are related to starvation, but the disorder also includes emotional and behavior issues related to an unrealistic perception of body weight and an extremely strong fear of gaining weight or becoming fat.
Physical signs and symptoms of anorexia may include: Extreme weight loss, Thin appearance. Abnormal blood counts, Fatigue, Insomnia. Dizziness or fainting, Bluish discoloration of the fingers, Hair that thins, breaks or falls out.
PHYSICAL SYMPTOMS (cont)
Soft, downy hair covering the body. Absence of menstruation. Constipation. Dry or yellowish skin. Intolerance of cold. Irregular heart rhythms. Low blood pressure. Dehydration. Osteoporosis. Swelling of arms or legs.
EMOTIONAL AND BEHAVIORAL SYMPTOMS
Behavioral symptoms of anorexia may include attempts to lose weight by either: Severely restricting food intake through dieting or fasting and may include excessive exercise Bingeing and self-induced vomiting to get rid of the food and may include use of laxatives, enemas, diet aids or herbal products.
EMOTIONAL AND BEHAVIORAL SYMPTOMS (cont)
Other emotional and behavioral signs and symptoms related to anorexia may include: Preoccupation with food. Refusal to eat. Denial of hunger. Fear of gaining weight. Lying about how much food has been eaten. Flat mood (lack of emotion). Social withdrawal. Irritability. Reduced interest in sex. Depressed mood. Thoughts of suicide.
WHEN TO SEE A DOCTOR
Anorexia, like other eating disorders, can take over your life. Unfortunately, many people with anorexia don't want treatment, at least initially. Their desire to remain thin overrides concerns about their health. If you have a loved one you're worried about, urge her or him to talk to a doctor.
WHEN TO SEE A DOCTOR 2
If you're experiencing any of the problems listed above, or if you think you may have an eating disorder, get help. If you're hiding your anorexia from loved ones, try to find a confidant you can talk to about what's going on.
RED FLAGS TO WATCH FOR
It may be hard to notice signs and symptoms of anorexia because people with anorexia often disguise their thinness, eating habits or physical problems. If you are a parent, please be aware of the signs shown in the next picture.
RED FLAGS TO WATCH FOR 2
If you're concerned that a loved one may have anorexia, watch for these possible red flags: Skipping meals. Making excuses for not eating. Eating only a few certain "safe". foods, usually those low in fat and calories. Adopting rigid meal or eating rituals, such as spitting food out after chewing.
RED FLAGS TO WATCH FOR 3
Cooking elaborate meals for others but refusing to eat. Repeated weighing or measuring of themselves. Frequent checking in the mirror for perceived flaws Complaining about being fat. Not wanting to eat in public. Calluses on the knuckles and eroded teeth if inducing vomiting. Covering up in layers of clothing.
ANOREXIA OR BULIMIA?
Some people with anorexia binge and purge, similar to individuals who have bulimia nervosa. However, people with anorexia generally struggle with an abnormally low body weight, while individuals with bulimia typically are normal to above normal weight.
Even though there are several studies on the matter, the exact cause of anorexia nervosa is unknown. As with many diseases, it's probably a combination of biological, psychological and environmental factors:
Although it's not yet clear which genes are involved, there may be genetic changes that make some people more vulnerable to developing anorexia. Some people may have a genetic tendency toward perfectionism, sensitivity and perseverance — all traits associated with anorexia.
Emotional characteristics may contribute to anorexia. Young women may have obsessive-compulsive personality traits that make it easier to stick to strict diets and forgo food despite being hungry; extreme drive for perfectionism, causing them to think they're never thin enough and/or high levels of anxiety to restrict their eating.
Sadly, despite all efforts to make a change, Modern Western culture emphasizes thinness. Success and worth are often equated with being thin. Peer pressure may help fuel the desire to be thin, particularly among young girls.
Certain risk factors increase the risk of anorexia nervosa, including: Being female. Anorexia is more common in girls and women. However, boys and men have been increasingly developing eating disorders, perhaps because of growing social pressures.
RISK FACTORS 2
Young age. Anorexia is more common among teenagers. Teens may be more susceptible because of all the changes their bodies go through during puberty. They also may face increased peer pressure and be more sensitive to criticism or even casual comments about weight or body shape.
RISK FACTORS 3
Genetics. Changes in certain genes may make people more susceptible to anorexia. Family history. Those with a first-degree relative — a parent, sibling or child — who had the disease have a much higher risk of anorexia.
RISK FACTORS 4
Weight changes. When people change weight — on purpose or unintentionally — those changes may be reinforced by positive comments from others for losing weight or by negative remarks for gaining weight. Such changes and comments may trigger someone to start dieting to an extreme.
RISK FACTORS 5
In addition, starvation and weight loss may change the way the brain works in vulnerable individuals, which may perpetuate restrictive eating behaviors and make it difficult to return to normal eating habits.
RISK FACTORS 6
Transitions. Whether it's a new school, home or job; a relationship breakup; or the death or illness of a loved one, change can bring emotional stress and increase the risk of anorexia.
RISK FACTORS 7
Sports, work and artistic activities. Athletes, actors, dancers and models are at higher risk of anorexia. Coaches and parents may inadvertently raise the risk by suggesting that young athletes lose weight.
RISK FACTORS 8
Media and society. The media, such as TV and fashion magazines, frequently feature a parade of skinny models and actors. These images may seem to equate thinness with success and popularity. But whether the media merely reflect social values or actually drive them isn't clear-cut.
Anorexia nervosa can have numerous complications. At its most severe, it can be fatal. Death may occur suddenly. This may result from abnormal heart rhythms (arrhythmias) or an imbalance of electrolytes, minerals such as sodium, potassium and calcium that maintain the balance of fluids in your body.
Other complications of anorexia include: Anemia. Heart problems, such as mitral valve prolapse, abnormal heart rhythms or heart failure. Bone loss, increasing risk of fractures later in life. In females, absence of a period.
Other complications of anorexia include: In males, decreased testosterone. Gastrointestinal problems, such as constipation, bloating or nausea. Electrolyte abnormalities, such as low blood potassium, sodium and chloride. Kidney problems. Suicide.
If a person with anorexia becomes severely malnourished, every organ in the body can be damaged, including the brain, heart and kidneys. This damage may not be fully reversible, even when the anorexia is under control.
In addition to the host of physical complications, people with anorexia also commonly have other mental disorders as well. They may include: Depression, anxiety and other mood disorders. Personality disorders. Obsessive-compulsive disorders. Alcohol and substance misuse.
There's no guaranteed way to prevent anorexia nervosa. Primary care physicians may be in a good position to identify early indicators of anorexia and prevent the development of full-blown illness. For instance, they can ask questions about eating habits and satisfaction with appearance during routine medical appointments.
If you notice that a family member or friend has low self-esteem, severe dieting habits and dissatisfaction with appearance, consider talking to him or her about these issues. Although you may not be able to prevent an eating disorder from developing, you can talk about healthier behavior or treatment options.
Given the complexities of this eating disorder, a professional treatment team involving medical doctors, dietitians, and therapists is necessary for the recovery from this eating disorder. Effective, holistic eating disorder treatment of anorexia involves three necessary components:
ANOREXIA TREATMENT 2
ANOREXIA TREATMENT Medical: The highest priority in the treatment of anorexia nervosa and other types of eating disorder is addressing any serious health issues that may have resulted from malnutrition, such as an unstable heartbeat.
ANOREXIA TREATMENT 3
ANOREXIA TREATMENT Nutritional: This component encompasses weight restoration, implementation and supervision of a tailored meal plan, and education about normal eating patterns. Professional supervision on the matter is crucial to assist a person suffering from anorexia.
ANOREXIA TREATMENT 4
Therapy: The goal of this part of treatment is to recognize underlying issues associated with the eating disorder, address and heal from traumatic life events, learn healthier coping skills and further develop the capacity to express and deal with emotions.
Please share VIictoire´s story so that more people can experience the reality of this world and impose important guidelines. And help others to be aware of any sign of anorexia in their loved ones.