THE ATACAMA HUMANOID
"Ata" is the name of a 6-inch (150 mm; 15 cm)-long skeletal remains of a human] found in 2003. This little skeleton was discovered in the Atacama Desert. Despite DNA traces, the cause of Ata´s dwarfism could never be clarified.
STONE EGG FROM LAKE WINNIPESAUKEE
In 1872, construction workers digging a hole for a fence post near the shores of Lake Winnipesaukee in New England found a lump of clay, with an egg shaped artifact inside it, six feet below the ground. Both its origins nor the symbols on these mysterious relics remain unknown today.
Some scholars theorize the Dogū acted as effigies of people, that manifested some kind of sympathetic magic. For example, it may have been believed that illnesses could be transferred into the Dogū, then destroyed, clearing the illness. One thing is certain: some of them are ten thousand years old.
THE COLOMBIAN GOLD PLANES
The Quimbaya artifacts are several dozen golden objects, found in Colombia, made by the Quimbaya civilization culture, dated around 1000 CE, a few of which (the so-called Quimbaya airplanes) are supposed by ancient astronauts theorists to represent modern airplanes, and therefore to be out-of-place artifacts.
A rat king is a collection of rats whose tails are intertwined and bound together by one of several possible mechanisms, such as entangling material like hair or sticky substances like sap or gum. The number of rats joined together varies from a few to as many as 30.
The mysterious Ulfberht swords are a group of medieval swords found in Europe, dated to the 9th to 11th centuries, with blades inlaid with the inscription +VLFBERHT+ (and variants). These mighty weapons were made 800 years before the forging technique required was invented.
Rongorongo is a system of glyphs discovered in the 19th century on Easter Island that appear to contain writing in a lost language. To date, after numerous attempts the tablets have not yet been decoded.
THE TECAXIC CALIXTLAHUACA HEAD
The Tecaxic-Calixtlahuaca head is a terracotta head, probably originally part of a larger figurine, discovered in 1933 among pre-Columbian or just post-Columbian grave goods. The sculpture is said to have Roman origins, but was found in Mexico.
THE CODEX GIGAS
The Codex Gigas is probably the largest extant medieval illuminated manuscript in the world, at 92 cm (36 in) tall. It is also known as the Devil's Bible because of a very unusual full-page portrait of the devil, and the legend surrounding its creation.
LIZARDMEN OF THE OBED
To this day, historians puzzle what these lizard sculptures found in Iraq mean. The figurines are presented with long heads, almond shaped eyes, long tapered faces and a lizard-type nose. What exactly they represent is completely unknown.
THE MAP OF PIRI REIS
Made in 1513, this map shows continents that were to be discovered years later, such as the Antarctic.(it shows the western coasts of Europe and North Africa and the coast of Brazil with reasonable accuracy. Various Atlantic islands, including the Azores and Canary Islands).
THE ANTIKYTHERA MECHANISM
The complex structure of this relic from ancient Greece is said to be one of the first mechanical computers. He was found at 45 meters depth near the coast of the Antikythera Island, Greece
THE LONDON GAVEL
This hammer is more than 400 million years old and refutes the assumption that our ancestors could not produce complex tools.It seems our ancestors were a little smarter than scientists thought they were.
SUMERIAN KING LIST
The Sumerian King List is an ancient stone tablet originally recorded in the Sumerian language, listing kings of Sumer (ancient southern Iraq) from Sumerian and neighboring dynasties, and a few mysterious entities. Did the mythical figures exist?
THE SHROUD OF TURIN
This shroud is said to have covered Jesus during his funeral. Historians doubt this because the object, according to modern research, dates back to the Middle Ages. But true beliebers are still in denial.
THE CLAW OF THE FOREST MOA
This claw comes from the beginning of the 16th century extinct giant bird Moa. Despite its age, it is extremely well preserved - and scary, if you do not know what it is.
A Roman dodecahedron is a small hollow object made of bronze or stone, with a dodecahedral shape: Around 100 examples of these small have been found all over Europe. They are supposed to be ancient measuring instruments.
THE VOYNICH MANUSCRIPT
The Voynich manuscript is an illustrated codex hand-written in an unknown writing system from early 15th Century.. It contains illustrations of plants and other things that are not found on earth. Historians are still working to decode the work.
A stele (or stela) is a stone tablet, usually taller in dimensions than it is wide. In ancient Egypt these were popular for commemorative us as after-life rituals. When one of them were accidentally rediscovered in 1799 it kick-started the modern era of treasure hunt and Egyptology.
DEAD SEA SCROLLS
These manuscripts are written in Greek, Hebrew and Aramaic. However, most scholars agree that they outline the 700 year timeline around the birth of Jesus Christ. The materials used surprisingly has kept much of vital details intact.
The fury of Mount Vesuvius had buried the ancient city of Pompeii in 79 AD. They found a graffiti in the ancient city walls that read "City of Sodom and Gomorrah". Devout Christians have since come to believe that Pompeii's destruction was merely God's retribution for their perverse sexual digressions.
THE CAVE OF ALTAMIRA
The discovery of Cave of Altamira led to massive controversial debates. Noted historians dismissing the work as too advanced for pre-historic human race. Nearly two decades of modern dating and verification later the Altamira caves were established as genuine.
The belief in a curse was brought to many people's attention due to the sometimes mysterious deaths of a few members of Howard Carter's team and other prominent visitors to the tomb shortly thereafter.
One of the oldest man-made human figurines depicts an obese woman with full, pendulous breasts. While the ancient human may or may not have fed themselves to such extent, the symbolism of fertility was present in it.
THE PILATE STONE
Is perhaps the first authentic proof of Biblical reference to Pontius Pilate. The stone was supposedly used as a material for a staircase in 4th century AD as part of the new structure added to an Ancient Roman theater.
Running across the steep ravines of Tanzania for nearly 30 miles, the Olduvai Gorge hosts perhaps one of the oldest known human establishments. The site dates back to nearly 2 million years-old human dwellers.
While the oldest of the Egyptian pyramids date back to around 2670 BC, the Megalithic temples of Hagar Qim (Malta) pre-date those easily by nearly another 600-1000 years. pre-dating the more famous Stonehenge.
THE TERRACOTTA ARMY IN XI’AN
The funereal army of Qin Shi Huang, the first emperor of Chine includes a massive collection of eight thousand soldiers, over a hundred chariots and distinct horses, and several officials, acrobats and courtesans. Much remains buried still.
Hammerwich village in Lichfield, Staffordshire has the largest collection of Gold, silver and metal object from the Anglo-Saxon era of 7th – 8th centuries. The kingdom of Mercia supposedly had the owners bury these in times of danger, with an intention to return to them once the times were favorable.
Theories are abounding regarding the containers being filled with grape juice – causing the electrochemical couple to produce a voltage potential. The modern reconstructions have proven that the voltages would have been good enough to produce electricity. Nearly a thousand years before the discovery of the modern electrochemical cell.
Earliest signs of antibiotic use are found in bones excavated in Nubia (Sudan) with tetracycline labels. While tetracycline is still used as an antibiotic today, the history of modern medicinal use of such treatment is a mere seven decades.
The sharp, pointed tip spear-like stone heads found in South Africa were dated to be nearly 200,000 years old. This forced the hunting history of mankind to be recalibrated back to a time much earlier than previously thought possible.
ANCIENT CHEMICAL WARFARE
There is strong evidence of the use of chemical weapons on this ancient site of a Persian/ Roman battlefield, When the Roman soldiers finally broke in, they met sulfurous vapors burnt in bitumen coal which turns into corrosive acids in the lungs once inhaled.
Found in Costa Rica, the perfectly round spheres were carved out of stone (dated 600 AD – 1000 AD). The purpose is still unknown. They look too heavy for a tennis match, who knows?
WONDERS OF SANXINGDUI
Sanxingdui, China (circa 2800 to 800 B.C.) Archaeologists have worked on the discovery and research of the Sanxingdui culture but it remain enigmatic. Not any mention of this culture have been found in the records of other countries. At this point, who produced these artifacts is a mystery.
Easter Island, one of the most isolated places, thousands of miles off of the Chilean coast. The most baffling thing about the island, however, isn't the fact that humans even managed to find and settle it but that they then proceeded to construct enormous stone humanoids all over the place.
While there have been numerous explanations ranging from UFO's to technically advanced ancient civilization, why the members of the Nazca culture would construct such enormous geoglyphs, which only can be seen from the air, remains a mystery.
Although at first glance it may seem like nothing more than a bunch of rocks, this settlement discovered in 1994 was constructed roughly 9,000 years ago and is currently one of the oldest examples of complex/monumental architecture in the world, predating the pyramids by thousands of years.
This walled complex outside of Cusco, Peru is part of what used to be the capital of the Inca Empire. The crazy part about this wall is its construction. The rock slabs fit together so tightly that it would be impossible to slide even a hair between them.
HEADLESS VIKINGS OF DORSET
While digging a railroad in Dorset workers came across a small contingent of viking warriors buried in the ground, all missing their heads. Archeologists are still not sure of what happened.
THE TOMB OF SUNKEN SKULLS
While excavating a dry lake bed in Sweden archaeologists found several skulls that had stakes driven directly through their craniums. As if that weren't bad enough one of the skulls even had pieces of the others skulls crammed up inside it. Whatever happened there 8,000 years ago wasn't pretty.
Several myths were built about the origins of these giant stone monoliths in the Andes mountains. Man-made or not, Marcahuasi remains a remarkable archeological discovery that has become a popular tourist destination.
SEA OF GALILEE BOAT
The Sea of Galilee Boat is an ancient fishing boat from the 1st century CE (the time of Jesus Christ). It has ten different wood types, suggesting either a wood shortage or that it was made of scrap wood.
Andrewsarchus lived during the Eocene epoch, roughly 45 and 36 million years ago. Only known from a single skull. Studies have placed Andrewsarchus in the 1000 kg size range. It possessed some of the strongest jaws ever evolved in a land mammal. Andrewsarchus may have fed on beached primitive whales.
Although it has been known for years that the Aztecs hosted numerous bloody sacrificial festivals, in 2004 a grisly discovery was made outside of modern day Mexico City. Numerous decapitated and mutilated bodies of both humans and animals shed some light on just how horrific the rituals could get.
THE GRAUBALLE MAN
Mummified bodies are a quite common thing but this body, now known as the Grauballe Man, is a bit unique. Not only is he amazingly well preserved with his hair and fingernails still intact, it is possible to reconstruct his demise from the information found on and around his body.
THE VENETIAN VAMPIRE
How would you kill a real vampire? What's the easiest way to keep a vampire from sucking blood? Cram his face full of cement no doubt. The skull you are looking at here was found by archaeologists just outside Venice in a mass grave.
The Uluburun shipwreck is a Late Bronze Age shipwreck dated to the 14th century BCE. The objects aboard the ship range from northern Europe to Africa, as far west as Sicily, and as far east as Mesopotamia, exhibiting products of nine or ten different cultures. Weird, uh?
THE BABY DISPOSAL
As archaeologists were searching through the sewers beneath a Roman/Byzantine bathhouse in Israel they came across something terrifying…baby bones, and lots of them. For whatever reason someone in the bathhouse above apparently felt compelled to dispose of hundreds of babies in the sewer below.
Stonehenge is a megalithic monument in Southern England, is angled such that on the equinoxes and the solstices, the sun rising over the horizon appears to be perfectly placed between gaps in the megaliths. This is doubtless not an accident and started a thousand stories of its mysterious origins.